2019高三英语一轮复*模块六Unit1Laughterisgoodforyou课件牛津译林版20180418297

发布时间:2021-09-21 02:58:46

Unit 1 Laughter is good for you (主题语境:人与自我——做人与做事)

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1.previous adj.先前的,以往的 [高考佳句] For previous generations,college was a decisive break from parental control.(2016· 北京卷,阅读理解) 对于前几代人来说,大学是摆脱父母控制的决定性的突破。 previous to在……之前 previously adv.事先;以前 四维热练 (1) Previous care-related experience will be a great advantage for you. 以前与护理有关的经验对你来说是一个很大的优势。 (2)No one in the carriage had previously spoken to the ticketowner before. 事先车上没人和这个持票人说过话。

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2.variety n.(同一事物)不同种类;多种样式 [高考佳句] Visiting an apple event is a good chance to see,and often taste,a wide variety of apples.(2016· 全国Ⅲ卷,阅读理解) 参观苹果节,人们可以有机会看到而且常常品尝到各种各样的苹果。 (1)a variety of/varieties of种种,各种各样的 (2)various adj.各种不同的;各种各样的 (3)vary vt.改变;变更 vi.变化;不同 vary with...随着……而变化 vary from...to.../between...and...在……和……之间变化 用法点拨 a variety of+名词,做主语时,谓语动词原则上与它所修饰 的名词的数保持一致;the variety of+复数名词,意为“……的品种”, 做主语时,谓语动词使用单数。

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四维热练 from person to (1)Opinions on this matter vary person. (2)The variety of his books (be)astonishing. is (3)A variety of books (be)on the desk. are (4)And the answer must vary with the circumstances. (5)The goods in the supermarket vary size,color and in price. (6)Many people were absent for various (vary)reasons. (7) Varieties (vary)of foods have been sent to the flood-stricken areas.

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3.behave vi.&vt.表现 [高考佳句] Many cyclists behave dangerously.(2015· 湖南卷,阅读理 解) 很多骑自行车人的行为非常危险。 (1)behave well/badly行为或态度良好/恶劣 behave oneself表现得体;有礼貌 (2)behaviour n.行为;举止;*性 well-behaved adj.表现好的 badly-behaved adj.表现差的

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四维热练 (1)The child behaved himself (he)all day. (2)They behaved badly (bad)to the guests,which made us disappointed. (3)According to a recent survey,some TV programs should take responsibility for teenagers’ negative behavior (behave).

-8高频单词

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4.amuse vt.逗笑,逗乐;提供(消遣),(使)娱乐 [经典例句] However,many Americans are amused by cheerleading and see it as rather a stupid activity. 然而,许多美国人都觉得啦啦队很可笑,只把它看成是相当无聊的 活动。 (1)amuse sb.使某人开心/高兴 (2)amusement n.欢乐;快乐;娱乐;消遣 with/in amusement津津有味地 to one’s amusement使人感到好笑的是 (3)amusing adj.有趣的,逗乐的 amused adj.愉快的,开心的;好玩的 be amused at/by以……为乐;觉得……有趣(好笑) be amused to do...很高兴做…… keep sb.amused使某人高兴;使某人消遣

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四维热练 用amuse的正确形式填空 amusement (1)He stopped and watched with to see the child so absorbed. (2)Sara was not amused by Franklin’s teasing. (3)He had a terrific sense of humor and what he said could be very amusing . (4)What amuses him most is swimming in the sea. (5)However amusing it is,I have to put the storybook away to concentrate on my lessons. 一句多译 这个小男孩为他在动物园里所看到的兴奋不已。 was amused at (6)The little boy what he saw in the zoo. (7)What the little boy saw in the zoo . amused him

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5.perform vt.&vi.演出,表演;履行;做,工作,运转;执行 [经典例句]However,studies have shown that when exercise is performed in groups,it’s not only great for improving physical health but for psychological health. 然而,研究表明,集体锻炼不仅能改善身体健康,也有助于心理健康。 (1)perform an operation做手术 perform one’s promise履行承诺 perform one’s duties尽责任 perform an experiment做实验 perform well in...在……表现好 (2)performance n.表演,表现 give/put on a performance演出;上演(节目) (3)performer n.执行者;表演者;演奏者;能手

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四维热练 is performing (1)The surgeon an operation now,so you just can’t talk to him for the moment. 医生现在正在做手术,因此目前你不能和他说话。 (2)If the supporters do not perform their duties of providing for the elderly,the latter shall have the right to ask the former for alimony. 如果赡养人不履行赡养老人的义务,老年人有权利要求赡养人支 付赡养费。 (3)Your performance as a student will be excellent if you develop a habit of reflecting on how you learn. 作为学生,如果你养成了对自己的学*方法进行反思的*惯,你 的表现将会非常出色。 (4)The performer is giving a performance . 表演者正在演出。

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6.strengthen vt.&vi.增强;巩固 [高考佳句] Gossip also can have a third effect:it strengthens unwritten,unspoken rules about how people should act.(2016· 浙江卷, 阅读理解) 闲聊也有第三个影响:它加强了人们应该如何采取行动的不成文的 潜规则。 strength n.力量;人力;强项 gather strength力量逐渐增强;身体逐渐恢复 go from strength to strength越来越兴旺发达 in full strength全体出动 in(great)strength人多势众 with all one’s strength尽力

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四维热练 (1)It can provide students with instant feedback,including reports about their strengths and weaknesses. 它可以给学生们提供及时反馈,包括优点与缺点的报告。 (2)For example,people volunteer to express personal values related to unselfishness,to expand their range of experiences,and __________ to strengthen social relationships. 例如,人们志愿表达与无私有关的个人价值,扩大他们的经历范 围并且加强社会关系。

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7.participate vi.参加,参与 [经典例句] For example,how Americans celebrate Christmas and Thanksgiving Day,what food they eat,and what activities they participate in during these festivals. 例如,美国人如何庆祝圣诞节和感恩节,在这些节日期间,他们吃什 么、参加什么样的活动。 (1)participate with sb.in sth.与某人一起参加某事 participate in sth./doing sth.参加(做)某事 (2)participation n.参加,参与 participant n.参与者;参加者

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四维热练 (1)More than 400 children participated in a clean-up of the park. 四百多个孩子参加了公园的清扫活动。 (2)As far as I know,he has been an active participant in the discussion . 据我所知,他在这次讨论中是个积极的参与者。

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8.guarantee n.保证;商品保证;保证书;担保品,抵押品 vt.保证;担 保;保障 [经典例句] Can you give me your guarantee that the goods will be delivered before Friday? 你能向我保证这批货在星期五之前提交吗? (1)give sb.a guarantee that...向某人担保…… give/offer/provide a guarantee提供担保 under guarantee在保修期内 (2)guarantee that...保证……;担保…… guarantee sb.sth.保证某人某事 guarantee to do sth.保证做某事

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四维热练 (1)The watch for three years. is guaranteed 这块表保修期三年。 (2)Can you when I get there? guarantee me a job 你可以确保我到那儿就可以找到一份工作吗? (3)They guaranteed here in an hour. to arrive 他们保证在一个小时之内到达这里。 (4)The car is less than a year old,so it is still under guarantee. 这辆汽车用了还不满一年,因此仍在保修期内。

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9.instruct vt.教授,传授;指示,命令;告知 [高考佳句] Several others checked the instructions and made something according to one of the model plans provided.(2016· 全国 Ⅱ卷,阅读理解) 其他好几个人检查了说明,并根据所提供的一个飞机模型进行了制 作。

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(1)as instructed按照指示 instruct sb.in sth.指导/教导某人某事 instruct sb.to do sth.指示某人做某事 instruct sb.that sb.(should)do sth.命令某人做某事 (2)instructive adj.有教育意义的 instructor n.教练,导师 instruction n.用法说明,命令 follow the instructions按照说明 ignore/carry out sb.’s instructions忽视/执行某人的命令 under instructions接到命令

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四维热练 用instruct的正确形式填空 (1)It is the most instructive lecture that I have attended since I came to this school. (2)All children are instructed in the use of the library. (3)In this course,students receive instruction in basic engineering. 同义句改写 (4)My boss instructed me to type the letters quickly.(用复合句改写) ________________________________________________________ My boss instructed me that I(should)type the letters quickly. (5)We’re standing at a distance following the instructions.(用as改 写) ________________________________________________________ We’re standing at a distance,as instructed.

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1.stand up for支持,维护;坚持;拥护;捍卫 [经典例句] With this faith we will be able to stand up for freedom together. 有了这种信念,我们将能一起捍卫自由。 stand for代表,象征 stand against反对(某人) stand in sb.’s way挡道 stand by袖手旁观 stand out出众,显眼

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四维热练 用stand的短语的适当形式填空 (1)Everyone knows what a rose . stands for (2)They stand against us,because we stand in their way. stand by (3)How can you and let him treat his dog like that? (4)Red flags brightly against the blue sky. stand out

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2.burst in 闯进;突然闯入;打断 [经典例句] I was withdrawing some money from the bank when a gunman burst in. 我正在从银行取一些钱,突然一个持枪歹徒闯了进来。 burst with anger勃然大怒 burst out大呼,惊叫;突然发作 burst up破裂,爆炸;(使)垮台,(使)失败,(使)破产 burst into tears/laughter=burst out crying/laughing突然大哭/大笑起 来 burst open推开,忽然打开;裂开 burst through冲开,冲破;拨开

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四维热练 完成句子 burst with anger (1)He felt he would and shame. 他恼羞成怒,都要气炸了。 (2)When the school bus arrived at the zoo,the bus door __________ burst open and all the children rushed out. 当校车抵达动物园时,汽车的门突然打开,所有的孩子们冲了出 去。 同义句改写 (3)Hearing the interesting story,all the people present burst into laughter. =Hearing the interesting story,all the people present burst out laughing .

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3.hold out递出;拿出;伸出;坚持;维持 [经典例句] To show this,she held up one chopstick,representing one person. 为了证明这一点,她竖起一根筷子,代表一个人。 hold up抬起;阻碍;举出;支撑 hold back阻挡;隐瞒;控制 hold on不挂断(电话),等一下;挺住,抓住 hold to坚持(方向、原则) hold off延迟 hold the view that...持有……见解

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四维热练 用hold短语的正确形式填空 held back (1)Emily Galvin,his lawyer, tears as Mr.South embraced his sons,aged 19 and 12. (2)We were by a traffic jam. held up held out (3)She her gloved hand to shake mine. held on to (4)He a branch until we came to his rescue. (5)The moment you think about giving up,think of the reason why hold on you so long.

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4.glare at对……怒目而视 [经典例句] The young lady glanced at the young man staring at her and was so angry that she glared at him. 那个年轻女士瞟了一眼盯着她看的那个年轻男士,然后愤怒地看着 他。 易混辨析glare at,stare at,gaze at,glance at (1)“目不转睛地注视,盯着看”时,用stare at。 (2)“怒目而视”时,用glare at。 (3)“由于好奇、惊喜或感兴趣而看”时,用gaze at。 (4)“瞥见,浏览,(粗略地)看一下时,用glance at。

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四维热练 用glare at,stare at,gaze at,glance at的适当形式填空 (1)They didn’t fight,but stood there one glaring at another. stare at (2)It is not polite to others in public. (3)She is the film actress with worship. gazing at glanced at (4)He the envelope and recognized his uncle’s handwriting.

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1.Which of the events above do you think will be the funniest?你 认为上面哪件事会是最有趣的?(Page 1) 该句中的do you think置于特殊疑问词之后,是复杂特殊疑问句。这 种复杂特殊疑问句是由“do you think+疑问词引导的宾语从句”演 变而来,将疑问词移至句首。理解这种句型时可将do you think去掉, 剩下的部分应该为陈述语序,疑问词在宾语从句中担任不同的成分。 复杂特殊疑问句常用来征询对方或第三者对某事的看法、意见等。

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四维热练 (1)Who do you suggest (should)be sent to work on the farm ? 你建议派谁去农场工作呢? (2) matters when What do you think/believe we take up the work? 你认为我们从事这项工作时什么最要紧? it will be before (3)How long do you think the computer company brings out a new product? 你认为要过多久电脑公司才能推出一款新产品?

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2.I like it when the comedian talks to people in the audience.我喜 欢喜剧演员与现场观众交流。(Page 3) 动词+it+从句 (1)like,enjoy,love,hate,dislike,appreciate 等表示“喜、怒、哀、乐”的 动词,后面不直接接宾语从句,若要跟宾语从句,需跟形式宾语it。 (2)see to,depend on,count on等由动词和介词构成的短语动词后接 that引导的宾语从句时,先加形式宾语it,再接that 从句。

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四维热练 (1)I the weather gets really cold. dislike it when 当天气变得太冷的时候我就不喜欢了。 hate it when (2)I people talk with their mouths full. 我不喜欢人们满口饭时说话。 depend on it that (3)You may he will turn up on time. 你可以相信他会准时出现的。

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Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.Tom had to turn down the invitation (invite)to the party last weekend because he was too busy. 2.But this theory may be wrong,explains Fred H.Harrington,a professor who studies wolf behavior (behave). attaining 3.More women are (attain) positions of power in public life. 4.For the past two years,I have been an active participant (participate) of our national annual English festival and played an important role in it. 5.It started off with the girl mourning (mourn)her mother’s death and going to her tomb three times a day.

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6.Items like T-shirts that allow volunteers to be recognized publicly for their contributions can help strengthen (strong)role identity. 7.Freedom needs to be guaranteed (guarantee)by responsibility. 8.When we reached 13,000 feet,Jay instructed (instruct)me to throw myself out of the plane. 9.The dog had initially (initial)been knocked unconscious but had survived by drinking water from a fresh stream at the base of the cliff. 10.Her mother was ironing clothes and every now and then she glared at her husband,who hid behind his newspaper pretending to read.

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Ⅱ.单句改错 1.The variety of goods in this shop are rich. ________________________________________________________ are→is 2.Everyone wanted to give up,but Annie holds out until the last possible moment. ________________________________________________________ holds→held 3.Many people have come to realize that they should go on a balanced diet and make rooms for exercise. ________________________________________________________ rooms→room 4.Upon hearing the funny story,everyone burst out laugh. ________________________________________________________ laugh→laughing

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5.Previous coming here,I worked in London. ________________________________________________________ Previous后加to 6.The famous doctor is going to set out performing the operation. ________________________________________________________ out→about 7.The pianist gave the fine performance. ________________________________________________________ the→a

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Ⅲ.话题微写作 翻译下面5个句子,然后通过合理想象,用恰当的修辞手段整合成一 篇短文。 1.相声是喜剧的一种表现形式,是我国的传统艺术。(comedy performance) 2.相声的主要目的是逗乐观众。(amuse) 3.相声演员一般会取笑对方或社会热点话题。(tease) 4.现在越来越多的外国人也开始喜欢相声。(affection for) 5.相声表演对健康有积极的作用。(positive)

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Crosstalk is a kind of comedy performance and it is our traditional art.Crosstalk is supposed to amuse audience.Crosstalk performers usually tease each other or social hot topics.To my surprise,nowadays more and more foreigners have an affection for it.In my opinion,crosstalk performance has a positive effect on health.

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